An introduction to the application of titanium plate

Titanium plate has high strength and low density, good mechanical properties, good toughness, corrosion resistance and other properties. In addition, the process performance of titanium plate is poor, and it is difficult to machining, so it is very easy to absorb impurities of hydrogen oxygen nitrogen carbon in hot processing. What's more, the abrasion resistance is poor, and the production process is complex. The industrialized production of titanium begins with 1948. Because of the need of   the development of the aviation industry, the development of titanium industry is at an average annual growth rate of about 8% The current anneal output of processing material of the world titanium plate has reached more than 4 tons, the grades of titanium plate have nearly 30 kinds. The widest application of titanium plate is the Ti-6Al-4V (TC4), Ti-5Al-2.5Sn (TA7) and commercially pure titanium (TA1, TA2 and TA3).
Titanium plate is mainly used for making the compressor components of aircraft engine, the structure parts of rockets, missiles and high-speed aircraft. In the mid-1960s, titanium and titanium alloys have been applied in the general industry, which is used for making electrode of electrolysis industry, condenser in power station, the heater of petroleum refining and seawater desalination, the control device of environmental pollution etc. Titanium and titanium alloys have become a corrosion resistant structural material. In addition, they are also used for the production of hydrogen storage materials and shape memory alloys. China began to study the titanium and the titanium plate in 1956. The industrial production of titanium begins with the mid 1960s and researched into TB2 alloy.
The strength of titanium is strong; the highest of tensile strength of titanium can up to 180kg/mm2. The strength of some steel is higher than titanium alloy, but the rate strength (the rate of tensile strength and density ratio) of titanium alloy was more than the high quality steel. Titanium alloy has good heat resistant strength, low temperature toughness and fracture toughness and other properties, so it is much used for aircraft engine parts and structure of rocket, missile. Titanium alloy can also be used as a tank of fuel and oxidizer and high pressure vessel. Now titanium alloy can also be used for manufacturing automatic rifle, the launch tube of mortar base plate and recoilless gun. In the oil industry, it is mainly used for various vessel, reactor, heat exchanger, distillation tower, pipe, pump and valve etc. Titanium can be used as electrode and condenser of power station and the control device of environmental pollution. Titanium nickel shape memory alloy has been widely used in instruments. In the medical treatment, titanium can be used as artificial bones and various utensils. Titanium is also the deoxidizer of steelmaking and the components of stainless steel and alloy steel. Titanium pigment is a good raw material of color and paint. Titanium carbide and titanium carbon (hydrogen) are a new type of titanium carbide materials. The color of titanium nitride is closely to gold, so it is widely used in decoration.
Titanium plate is a new kind of important structural materials used in aerospace industry. And the proportion, strength and using temperature are between aluminum and steel. In addition, it also has high rate strength, excellent anti seawater corrosion performance, ultra low temperature performance and other performances.